Ch. 17 & 20. equilibrium II & electrochem [85 points] AP Chemistry

For problems involving calculation, show your work in an organized manner, which includes any relevant equation / formula, proper units in your work / answer, and the proper number of significant figures in your answer.

 

1. A copper electrode and zinc electrode are put into an aqueous solution of zinc nitrate, which is connected to a battery such that the copper electrode is plated by zinc. [20 points]

a. sketch the electrochemical cell; label the cathode & anode; label the positive & negative terminals of the battery; identify the half-reaction at each electrode.

b. If the current is 525 mA and its duration is 25 minutes, what is the mass of zinc plated onto the copper electrode ?

 

2. Balance the following redox reaction, which occurs in a basic solution: [10 points]

Ag  +  CN -  +  O2  -->  Ag(CN)2 -

3. Is the following redox reaction

Cr2O7 2-(aq)  +  H +(aq)  +  I -(aq)  -->  Cr +3(aq)  +  I2(s)  +  H2O (l)

at 37 °C spontaneous ? Justify your answer. [15 points]

4. 1.0 mM HA, a weak acid, has a pH = 4.6. What is the K a of the acid ? [10 points]

 

5. What is the pH of a 100. mL 10.0 mM benzoic acid solution, after adding 10.0 mL of a 30.0 mM KOH ? [15 points]

 

6. What is the solubility of barium hydroxide in a pH = 9.0 buffer versus in water ? [15 points]